Scrum artifacts are under a framework under an agile project management software known as SCRUM

The word artifact is repeatedly attributed to archaeological plagues and historical monuments. But as far as software advancement is concerned, the word artifact refers to key data needed during the growth of a product, and that is what Scrum artifact is to Scrum.

But we can not talk about these artifacts without knowing what Scrum really is.


Scrum is popular project management under the agile methodology framework that regulates your project and delivers integrity brilliantly at a brief duration.

Scrum helps individuals, groups and companies yield significance via adaptive remedies for complicated problems.

Scrum is known to be the most outstanding procedure used for overseeing a software development project. Here, the obligation is interpreted in a way that the team is self-driven and target-oriented, which gives more possibilities for success.

The vital meetings available under Scrum are Sprint Planning, Daily Stand-up or Daily Scrum, Sprint Review and Retrospective. Furthermore, teams may require backlog improvement sessions that need the product manager to make sure that there is excellence in user stories and emphasizes the features list.


Scrum artifacts are methods or tools that assist teams to execute the Scrum receptacle and finish their projects successfully. 

With Scrum artifacts, your team is ensured to get all it needs for every project sprint all the way to the delivery of the project.

The 4 artifacts of Scrum guide users in identifying and filing the work that needs to be done to attain a successful and profitable project. 

These artifacts seize necessary information about the tasks needed to be completed by your team and what their prerogatives are.

Transparency is increased when up-to-date artifacts that are accessed with ease are maintained by stakeholders. Also, every team member can be on their toes as regards what’s to expect in the future.

This information and report help keep every member of the team on the same pane, nonetheless if they work jointly or remotely. 

What are these Scrum artifacts?

Scrum is built on a foundation and one of the foundations of the Scrum framework is its artifacts. These  artefacts of Scrum help seize and distribute critical project information within project teams.

They are;

Product Backlog

Product Backlog is an organized directory of features required as a fraction of the finished project, it is the sole reference of mandates for any modification to be made to any product under Scrum.

In Product Backlog, all elements, tasks, prerequisites, functions, and fixes that comprise the modifications to be made on a product in prospect are discharged. Items in Product Backlog possess the traits of an explanation, decree, estimation, and significance. They are usually referred to as User Stories.

The product backlog assists in ensuring everyone understands the project requirements and which ones are prioritised. It also boosts the team in addressing the rest of the project scope requirements and how much time would be needed for them to be attained.

The Product Owner is accountable for the Product Backlog, comprising its volume, accessibility, and bidding.

Product Backlog is a developing artifact, meaning the initial edition of the artifact may comprise solely the originally understood requirements. 

The Product Backlog gets assembled as the product, and the setting in which it will be used. It often transforms to combine what is needed to make it useful. For a product to exist, its Product Backlog also exists.

As the product being created is utilized and earns significance, the Product Backlog then fits a bigger and extra broad list. 

Modifications in job prerequisites, demand situation, or technology, spur differences in the Product Backlog, hence making it a living artifact.

Product Backlog improvement entails reinforcing detail, estimates, and preference order to the Product Backlog items. This is an endless process carried out by the Product Owner and the entire team. The Scrum Team determines how improvement is to be done and when to. Also, the Product Owner decides when items can be updated. 

Highly requested Product Backlog elements are more detailed compared to lower-ordered ones. More detailed measures are made based on the enormous level of translucency and increase in detail. The more inferior the order, the smaller the detail.

Before we continue with other artifacts, you should have noticed that we repeatedly mentioned “Product Owner” but less emphasis was laid on who a Product Owner is. For clarity, it’s imperative to have a peek at the meaning of a “Product Owner”

A Product Owner is responsible for expanding the significance of the commodity, which yields from the proficiency of the Scrum Team. This achievement varies across companies, Scrum Teams, and individuals.

The effective Product Backlog supervision is also accounted for by the Product Owner. The duties of a Product Owner are; Plain communication of Product Backlog items, Authorizing Product Backlog items, Growing and positively disseminating the Product Goal and Guaranteeing that the Product Backlog is lucid, apparent and understood.

The success of the Product Owner rests on the entire organization. That is, their decisions must be trusted and respected.

The second Scrum artifact is

Sprint Backlog

Only things needed to be completed during the current sprint are included in the sprint backlog, unlike the product backlog where everything that needs to be accomplished before the end of the project is listed.

Since the sprint backlog encompasses the abundance of recent actions, it frequently has a tremendous item and more detailed user stories than the rest of the product backlog. The sprint backlog should comprise the discharge agenda that explains how one intends to attain the features and fulfil the sprint necessities.

The Sprint Backlog is an agenda with sufficient items that can be understood by the Scrum team. The Team adjusts the Sprint Backlog throughout the Sprint, and the Sprint Backlog materializes during the Sprint. This unfolding happens as the Team works in accordance with the plan and understands better about the work required to fulfill the Sprint Goal.

The Team puts in to the Sprint Backlog as new work is required. As work is carried out or finished, the approximated work to be completed is then updated. 

When elements of the plan are considered excessive, they are discarded, and only the Team can alter the Sprint Backlog during a Sprint. The Sprint Backlog is a highly noticeable, instantaneous image of the job planned by the team to achieve during the Sprint, and it is owned completely by the team.

The sprint backlog is steady represented as a task board that is split into columns that illustrate the workflow. They have these titles: To Do, these are chores that haven’t started yet, Doing, this showcases work that has started, To Verify, this displays tasks that are finished but needs to be verified by another scrum team member, and finally, the Done, which tells that no further work is expected.


Increment is the total volume of the entire Product Backlog items obtained during a Sprint, stirred with the increments of all prior Sprints. The new Increment must be an active product at the climax of a Sprint, meaning it must be in an utilizable condition. The working situation must be excellent regardless of whether the Product Owner agrees on releasing it or not.

The Scrum team requires an agreement on what is deemed to be an Increment. Though the agreement differs considerably per Scrum team, but, team members must have a distributed conception of what it means for work to be accurate. 

This exact conception leads the way for the team to identify how many Product Backlog items it can a lot when planning a Sprint. The goal of each Sprint is to provide Increments of potentially larpose.

As Scrum teams grow, it is required that their descriptions of Increments broadens, so as to contain more strict standards for increased integrity.

Sprint Burn-Down Chart

Sprint Burn-Down Chart is a procedure for gravitating  the work spent by the Scrum Team. In the course of every project under Scrum, this feature has been verified to be a valuable strategy in regulating the program of the Sprint towards the Sprint Goal.

However it is not permanently deemed a portion of the important scrum artifacts, the burn down chart is just too useful to ignore.

The Product Owner trails the entire work remaining at every Sprint Review. Then correlates the quantity with work left to be completed at the last Sprint Reviews to evaluate improvement toward finishing the projected job by the intended period for the goal, and it’s important he shares this information with all stakeholders.

The growth ratio of a scrum team is known as velocity, which translates to the amount of story points in the user story that have been attained in the course of the sprint. Uncompleted task isn’t computed into velocity.

In summary, the objective of a burndown chart is to ensure that a project stays on its intended path, and that the deliverable is going to satisfy goals and be completed as, and when due.


Scrum artifacts are vital assistance that ensures the productive performance of teams . Hence, it’s vital for all teams to have access and perception into these artifacts.

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